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Costco, a large American retailer, is a top player in the retail industry. It operates members-only stores worldwide and ranks 11th in total revenue on the Fortune 500 list.

We will do a PESTEL analysis to understand Costco’s success. This looks at political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal factors. First, politics and regulations affect Costco's global growth and market share. For example, US-China trade tensions raised import costs. Economic changes like recessions also affect consumer spending. The 2008 financial crisis, for instance, drove up demand for bulk and discounted goods, helping Costco.

Social views on membership shopping and eco-friendly products are changing. Consumers now prefer sustainable options. This shift pushes Costco to offer more green products. The rise of e-commerce has forced Costco to boost its online presence and supply chain technology. These changes have cut its carbon footprint.

Costco is also focusing on sustainability. It is working to reduce energy use, emissions, and waste. Labor laws and competition rules are crucial. Costco must meet different standards in various regions.

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