Various Types of Risk: From Financial to Investment

Explore the various types of risk organizations face, such as financial risk, investment risk, and more. Learn effective strategies to manage these risks.


Risk is an inherent part of financial management, where the potential for loss or uncertainty can arise due to various factors. In this article, we will explore the concept of risk, discuss riskless securities, analyze different types of risk in financial management, delve into risk in portfolio management and investment, and finally, explore effective strategies to manage risk.

Risk, in financial terms, refers to the possibility of an investment or financial decision not yielding the expected outcome. It involves the uncertainty associated with future events and their potential impact on the value of investments.

In essence, risk signifies the chance of losing some or all of the invested capital. Financial managers and investors must thoroughly understand risk to make informed decisions and devise appropriate risk management strategies.

In this article
  1. Types of Risk in Financial Management
  2. Different Types of Risk
  3. Risk vs. Reward
  4. Make Different Types of Risk Charts with EdrawMax
  5. Final Thought

Part 1. Types of Risk in Financial Management

Riskless securities, also known as risk-free assets, are financial instruments that offer a guaranteed return of principal with no chance of default. Government bonds, such as those issued by developed countries with stable economies, are often considered riskless securities. These assets provide a benchmark against which other investments can be compared in terms of risk and return. 

There are several types of risk in financial management, each pertaining to specific areas. Understanding these risks are crucial for efficient financial decision-making. 

depiction of the types of risk in financial management

1. Market Risk: Market risk arises from fluctuations in the market conditions that affect the value of investments.

2. Credit Risk: Credit risk refers to the possibility of borrowers defaulting on their financial obligations.

3. Liquidity Risk: Liquidity risk arises from the potential difficulty in buying or selling an asset without significantly affecting its market price.

4. Operational Risk: Operational risk involves the potential losses arising from inadequate or failed internal processes, people, or systems.

Part 2. Different Types of Risk

Portfolio management involves the selection and allocation of investments to maximize returns while minimizing risk. Different types of risk can affect portfolios. The types of risk in portfolio management can include concentration risk, currency risk, and event risk, among others. Financial managers employ diversification techniques to manage these risks by spreading investments across different asset classes, regions, and industries.Investors face various types of risk in investment management. Investment-specific risks can include business or company-specific risks, industry risks, and foreign investment risks. Investors must carefully assess these risks to make informed investment decisions and construct balanced portfolios.

Managing the various types of risk effectively is vital for financial success. Various strategies can be employed to mitigate the impact of risk.

1. Diversification: Spreading investments across different asset classes, sectors, and geographic regions to reduce exposure to any single risk.

2. Risk Assessment and Measurement: Regularly evaluating and quantifying the risks associated with investments and portfolios to make informed decisions.

3. Hedging: Employing derivative instruments such as options or futures contracts to protect against adverse market movements.

4. Continuous Monitoring: Regularly monitoring investments, market trends, and economic indicators to identify potential risks and take proactive measures.

Part 3. Risk vs. Reward

The relationship between risk and reward is a fundamental principle in financial management. In general, higher expected returns are associated with higher risks. Financial managers and investors must strike a balance between risk and reward, aligning their risk tolerance and investment objectives with the potential returns they seek. This trade-off helps guide decision-making to optimize returns while managing risks within tolerable limits.

Part 4. Make Different Types of Risk Charts with EdrawMax

Wondershare EdrawMax makes it easy to create various types of risk charts with its powerful and intuitive diagramming tools. It allows users to customize risk charts to their specific needs with its wide range of templates and shapes. Here are the steps to make a risk chart with the tool:

Step 1: Log in to Wondershare EdrawMax before you can start. To log in, use your password and email address.

logging in to edrawmax

Step 2: Opening a new document is the next thing to do. Clicking the "+" symbol next to the "New" option will allow you to open a new document after logging in.

opening a new document in edrawmax

Step 3: Go to the "Templates" section and look for a suitable risk chart template. 

opening a new document in edrawmax

Step 4: You can customize the chart after choosing the template. To change the chart to suit your needs, you may select from a variety of color schemes, layouts, and other elements.

customizing the template

Step 5: Now, the chart should have text added to it. Fill up your risk chart with as much information as possible.

adding text to the chart

Step 6: The chart has to be saved after this. In order to do this, navigate to "File," click the "Save" button, then choose the location on your computer to store the chart.

saving the chart

Step 7: Exporting the chart is the last step. The chart can be exported to a number of different formats.

exporting the chart

Final Thought

Risk is an integral part of financial management, impacting investment decisions, portfolio construction, and financial outcomes. It is vital for financial professionals and investors to understand the various types of risk and employ effective risk management strategies.

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Edraw Team
Edraw Team Apr 03, 24
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